Tuberculosis which is abbreviated as TB is known to be one of the oldest disease among humans and today is one of the leading causes other infection and death in adults according to the World Health Organization…. O O Angel K. The disease strongly affects the lungs however if serious enough it can happen anywhere in the body.
ranellodi.tk An individuals with the TB disease can spread the infection through air. This means that a simple cough, laugh, sneeze, or singing can spread it to anyone within close range. A normal healthy adult can be infected but yet have no complication or symptoms, the…. It can also spread by contact or sharing of fluids. If an infected person coughs on his or her hands and wiped them on someone else, or spit from their mouth flies into someone else 's mouth, there is a very high chance of infection.
There is a treatment for the virus, however, but before a person gets a treatment they must take…. It is most definatly a possibility. Contracting tuberculosis is simply that easy. Tuberculosis is an airborne contracted disease and in the 18th and 19th centuries, the infectious disease ran rampant throughout Europe and North America. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as mycobacterium bovis and mycobacterium africanum.
Tuberculosis can and will effect…. Givewell , Tuberculosis is an airborne, treatable, infectious disease that is one of the leading causes of death for adults, especially in developing countries. Robert Koch, one of the fathers of Microbiology, first discovered M. Essays Essays FlashCards.
Browse Essays. Home Page Essay about Tuberculosis. Essay about Tuberculosis Words Oct 25th, 6 Pages. Show More. Signs and symptoms alone are not a reliable way to diagnose active tuberculosis.
The definitive diagnosis is through an acid fast stain of the bacteria in a lab, obtained through multiple sputum cultures and a chest x-ray showing abnormalities of the lungs. There is antibiotic treatment for tuberculosis but the bacteria is very drug resistant due to the stiff structure of the cell wall and as a result, the antibiotic course is long and sometimes dangerous due to serious side effects.
The most common antibiotics used to treat TB are isoniazid and rifampicin for a minimum of six months. There are drug-resistant strains of TB known as MDR-TB and in these cases, several drugs are used at once to give treatment a better chance at success. Those who have latent TB are treated right away with one antibiotic to prevent the disease from becoming active at some point in time.
Due to the prolonged length of treatment, there are issues with patients being compliant with their antibiotic regimen.
This can also lead to drug resistant strains of tuberculosis and make treatment difficult in the future. Since treatment can take several months and it is near impossible to monitor those infected for that length of time on a daily basis, education of the importance of finishing the course of. Read More. Words: - Pages: 5. Words: - Pages: 8. Since antibiotics began to be used to fight TB, some strains have become resistant to drugs. Multidrug-resistant TB MDR-TB arises when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria, with the surviving bacteria developing resistance to that antibiotic and often others at the same time.
MDR-TB is treatable and curable only with the use of very specific anti-TB drugs, which are often limited or not readily available. Avoiding other people by not going to school or work, or sleeping in the same room as someone, will help to minimize the risk of germs from reaching anyone else. In some countries, BCG injections are given to children to vaccinate them against tuberculosis. It is not recommended for general use in the U. The most important thing to do is to finish entire courses of medication when they are prescribed.
Some cases of MDR-TB require extensive courses of chemotherapy , which can be expensive and cause severe adverse drug reactions in patients. People with compromised immune systems are most at risk of developing active tuberculosis. For instance, HIV suppresses the immune system, making it harder for the body to control TB bacteria.
Tobacco use has also been found to increase the risk of developing active TB. About 8 percent of TB cases worldwide are related to smoking. Also, people who are undergoing cancer therapy, anyone who is very young or old, and people who abuse drugs are more at risk. The following countries have the highest TB rates , globally:. If left untreated, TB can be fatal.
Although it mostly affects the lungs, it can also spread through the blood, causing complications, such as:. Fortunately, with proper treatment, the vast majority of cases of tuberculosis are curable. Cases of TB have decreased in the United States since , but the disease remains a concern.
Without proper treatment, up to two-thirds of people ill with tuberculosis will die. Read the article in Spanish. Article last updated by Tim Newman on Fri 16 November Visit our Tuberculosis category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Tuberculosis.
All references are available in the References tab. Latent tuberculosis infection. Pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis signs and symptoms. The difference between latent TB infection and TB disease. Thomas M. The history of tuberculosis. Respiratory Medicine.
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Send securely. Message sent successfully The details of this article have been emailed on your behalf. By James McIntosh. Table of contents What is it? Fast facts on tuberculosis Here are some key points about tuberculosis.
The World Health Organization estimates that 9 million people a year get sick with TB, with 3 million of these "missed" by health systems TB is among the top 3 causes of death for women aged 15 to 44 TB symptoms cough, fever , night sweats, weight loss, etc. TB usually affects the lungs, although it can spread to other organs around the body. TB is most commonly diagnosed via a skin test involving an injection in the forearm.